Clinical Nurse Specialists are advanced registered nurses who can provide advice to specific conditions and treatment pathways. They can implement treatment plans to resolve medical issues. They serve as Patient advocates, researchers, consultants. They plan, direct, or coordinate the daily patient care activities in a clinical practice. Some of the functions include providing direct patient care, teaching patients and their families, guiding and planning care with other personnel, and conducting research. They directly guide the patients, or they guide through other nursing personnel. The main goal of clinical nurse specialist is to provide safe, qualify, and cost-effective specialty care
Nursing management consists of the performance of the leadership functions of governance and decision-making at intervals organizations using nurses. It includes processes common to all or any management like coming up with, organizing, staffing, directive and dominant. Nursing management includes three members, Head of the nursing staff; Nursing manager; Charge Nurse. They work in hospitals, doctor’s offices, schools, and psychiatric institutions.
Geriatric nursing is the speciality of nursing deals with the care of elder people. Main responsibilities are caregiver, advocates, counsellors and educators of the patients. Geriatric nurses help elderly patients to recover from illness or injury by providing practical care and developing patient care plans. Geriatric and Gerontology are the two commonly used terms, but there are difference between the two. Geriatric focuses on the health care of elderly people and gerontology focuses on the study of the social, cultural, psychological, cognitive, and biological aspects of ageing.
Holistic nursing is dealing with the patient care or “healing the whole person”. Specially deals with the integration of person’s mind, body and spirit with the environment. A holistic nurse identifies and acknowledge each patient, interact with them and assess holistically through open communication and identify the stress factor that impact patient’s health. They use alternate medicines to treat people and can combine holistic treatment with traditional treatment. Holistic medicine focuses on prevention of disease rather than treating the disease.
Emergency nursing is the speciality within the field of professional nursing focusing on the care patients with medical emergencies i.e., who require prompt medical attention to avoid long term disability or death. Emergency nurses work in hospital emergency departments, urgent care centres, sports arenas, and on medical transport aircraft and ground ambulances. Emergency nurses take care of patients with heart attacks, strokes, gunshot wounds and car accidents and also tend to patients with acute alcohol or drug intoxication, psychiatric and behavioural problems and those who have been raped. Emergency nurses must be adopted to work with different backgrounds, cultures, religions, ages and types of disabilities.
Paediatric nursing is the treatment of neonates and youngsters up to adolescence, typically in an in-patient hospital or day-clinic. The main role of Paediatric nursing is to administer medicines to children according to step with the prescribed nursing plans. Paediatric nursing’s ultimate goal is to ensure that all children develop and grow to their full potential. Duties of Paediatric nursing includes recording the child’s height and weight, obtaining blood and urine samples, and ordering diagnostic testing.
Family nursing is "The sensible science of preventative and remedial support to the family so as to assist the family system unit independently and autonomously maintain and improve its family functions. The concept of family nursing includes comprehensively three levels of the family system: nursing of the system of the individuals, the system of dyads, triads and large groups and entire family system. Main goals of family nursing are mutual understanding and supporting the family members. The goal for nursing practice on the individual level is physical health and private well-being of relations, social amendment and system amendment area unit by products. system amendment is anticipated by advanced practitioners in order that harmful things area unit avoided. Nursing practice at the system level is concentrated on family health and strengths, is holistic and implies data of complicated interactions of a mess of family factors in the slightest degree systems.
Nurse practitioners (NPs) manage acute and chronic medical conditions, both physical and mental, through history and physical exam. NPs are qualified to diagnose medical issues, order treatments, perform non-surgical procedures and minor surgical procedures, prescribe medications, and create referrals for a wide range of acute and chronic medical conditions. NPs work in hospitals, private offices, clinics, and nursing homes/long term care facilities. Some nurse practitioners contract out their services for private duty and may also work for private agencies that provide medical staffing to clinics or hospitals called locum tenens.
- Nurses must get licensure from the National Council of State Boards of Nursing. LPNs and LVNs must pass the National Council Licensure Examination - Practical Nursing (NCLEX-PN), while RNs must pass the NCLEX-RN to get licensure. These licensure tests spread all pieces of nursing, including tolerant consideration, general prosperity, and Healthcare. Additional licensure and accreditation requirements change by state. Medical attendants are in like manner required to have CPR certification, which is ordinarily gained in the midst of planning.
Child health nursing is predicated on principles like respecting child’s needs, having an awareness of the child’s need, protecting child-family interpersonal relationship, etc. There exist variety of variations between adult and child nursing. Child nursing involves everything from nursing a sick new born to a youngster. Children's nurses have to be compelled to be able to spot once a child's health takes a flip for the worse, which can often happen rapidly. This involves operating in closely with the parents or guardians.
Oncology Nursing is a specialised department which takes care of cancer patients. Oncology nursing care will be outlined as meeting the numerous desires of oncology patients throughout the time of their sickness including appropriate screenings and alternative preventative practices, symptom management, care to retain the maximum amount traditional functioning as possible, and auxillary measures upon end of life. Oncology nursing have variety of specialities such as radiation, surgery, paediatric, or gynaecologic. Oncology nurses can work in various inpatient settings such as hospitals, outpatient settings, in hospice services, or in physician offices.
- The oncology nurse functions as a coordinator of care, collaborating with different cancer care suppliers and team members to produce required care as effectively as potential. In their work as administrators and managers, oncology nurses create environments contributing to the optimum health of the general public and to skilled nursing practice.
When it involves innovation in nursing education, the time is now and tomorrow.
- The nursing profession has long embraced innovation--in professional practice and in education. nursing has had to deal with various shortages of nurses and faculty members to train them, yet as evolutions in technology and models of health care delivery, Associate in Nursing more and more various population, and a shift toward additional patient-centred care.
Adult nursing is a career where we have real chance to make a difference to people’s life. Chances of learning new skills and procedures which help the patients can be learnt. It offers chance to make a difference, high degree of flexibility and a career with excellent employment opportunity. Working areas of Adult nursing is seen in hospital wards; outpatient units or specialist departments; the community (ex: patient’s home, a clinic, GP surgery, walk-in centres or nursing homes); the prison service; the voluntary or private sector. Main aim is to improve your patients’ quality of life, whatever their situation and building a trusting relationship with each patient is essential.
A maternity nurse may be a nursing skilled who provides care to expectant mothers before, throughout and after childbirth. Most maternity nurses can target supporting women throughout the labor and delivery process – performing at the patient’s facet to monitor both mother and baby, and to encourage, coach, educate and support while others might take care for women who are experiencing complications before birth or after delivery. The work of maternity nurses helps ensure a safe and secure delivery and healthy start in an unpredictable and sometimes stressful work environment. Maternity nurses square measure consultants at assessing and observation patients throughout the labor and delivery amount, they keep an in depth eye on the mother’s blood pressure, foetal heartbeat, contraction patterns, and alternative very important signs. Maternity nurses work in hospital maternity wards, birthing centers, community clinics and doctors’ offices.
A women health nurse practitioner is an educated and experienced nurse practitioner specialised in comprehensive health care for women and focuses on offering primary care services to women of all ages. They focus on reproductive, obstetric, and gynaecological health and also on preventive health maintenance. They assess specific needs, analyse options, create a plan of care, and evaluate effectiveness of the treatment plan while involving the patient's family to optimize care outcomes.
Community health nurse act as advocates and advisors to the patients and serve the patients in their own way to promote wellness and to improve health care. Their main work is to identify people in need and reaches them. Community health nurses facilitate young pregnant ladies, the older or victims of crime and additionally apply.
A rehabilitation nurse is a nurse who assists in restorative activities of patients in orthopaedics, neurology or drug rehabilitation. Patients who have strokes or brain injuries require neurological rehabilitation, patients who have sustained broken bones need orthopaedic rehabilitation and patients addicted to drugs or alcohol need drug or alcohol rehabilitation. Rehabilitation nurses facilitate inveterately out of action patients reach their full potential by following plans of care instilled by healer, brain doctor, speech therapists, scientist and alternative specialist. The goal is to assist patients become freelance by reaching small-term and semi-permanent goals. Duties of rehabilitation nursing include teacher, care giver, Collaborator; Client advocate.
Cardiac/cardiovascular nurses are registered nurses who specialise in providing care for those who have heart and blood vessels diseases. Cardiac nurses use their experience to worry for patients of all ages. Most give care to adults. Cardiovascular nurses administer medications and educate patients regarding safe use of powerful cardiac medications. Cardiovascular nurses are essential members of multidisciplinary groups that give care to acute and chronically ill cardiac patients. Cardiac nurses use array of holistic interventions to care for patients with cardiovascular conditions. Cardiac issues are frightening to most of the people So, the cardiac nurse provides emotional support to patients and families faced with life threatening conditions. They may be employed in hospitals, physician’s offices, and physiatrist facilities.
Mental health nursing practitioners deals with the mental health issues of patients range from psychiatric conditions such as depression, acute grief, drug or alcohol addiction, personality disorders and psychoses. Psychiatric nurses generally form strong therapeutic relationships with the patients of mental illness and their families. Mental health nurses are usually work in hospitals or in the community, as this is where the majority of mental healthcare is offered. Mental health nursing can work in psychiatric intensive care unit; psychiatric ward; outpatients’ unit; specialist unit dealing with eating disorders and also you can work in GP surgery, prison, community health care centre, residential centre, patients’ homes.