Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. Which is located in one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory contains of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since Singapore independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%. The country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed country during this past adecade.
Singapore is a global hub for education, finance, healthcare, Medicine innovation, manufacturing, tourism, trade, and transport. The city ranks highly in numerous international rankings and has been recognised as the most “technology-ready” nation. Singapore is considered as the best city for investment potential and safest country, second-most competitive country, third least-corrupt country, third-largest foreign exchange market, financial centre and oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, and the second-busiest container port. However, The Economist has ranked Singapore as the most expensive city to live in, as of 2013. Singapore is at 9th rank on the UN Human Development Index with the 3rd highest GDP per capita. However, according to the Democracy Index the country is described as a flawed democracy.